One of the most shocking experiences for newcomers may very well be a simple ride in a taxi. So, what’s different? What should you know before you jump in one of Panama’s speedy yellow cabs?
· Fares. Taxis in Panama do not have meters, and drivers often decide on the price at the spur of the moment. My recommendation is to establish a fare with the driver before you enter the cab. Fares oftentimes reflect the number of people in your party. As a rule of thumb, no fare in the center of Panama should be more than five to six dollars (even for a group). Exceptions include the Amador Causeway, which for some reason taxis charge approximately US$10 to get to (exorbitant for Panama!). Fares to and from the Casco Viejo can also reach US$10, especially on a Friday or Saturday night, although if you’re willing to search/negotiate you should be able to find a lower price. The Government has established a fare calculator, which you can access here (http://www.transito.gob.pa/tarifa-taxis), but drivers typically do not abide by these fares.
· Taxis are collective affairs. Don’t be surprised if your cab driver picks up other clients along the way. This will not affect your fare, re: you receive no discount for sharing. Taxis are basically like mini-buses in this sense. Of course, if you take a taxi from your hotel you may receive a taxi just for you and, of course, a higher price tag.
· Demand is higher than supply, the culture of “no voy.” Before you enter a cab, the driver will usually ask you where you’re going (re: the driver will roll down the window, and you shout “Paitilla,” or wherever it may be that you are traveling to). Taxi drivers will then pull over or drive on depending on whether they’re willing to drive there. Drivers oftentimes will not go (saying “no voy,” literally I’m not going) to places because of Panama’s famous “tranques” (traffic jams) or because they simply do not feel like driving to that part of the city (leading to my hypothesis that demand is probably still higher than supply).
· Small bills. Travel with small bills, as cab drivers oftentimes do not have change. Also, do not get out of the taxi until you get your change.
· Tips. In Panama, there is not a culture of tipping taxi cab drivers.
· Honk, honk, honk. Drivers that have space will honk their horn repeatedly to let you know that they have space.
If this sounds too chaotic, alternative private transit options include Uber and hotel taxis/transport. The airport taxis are also a different class of taxi and cost approximately US$30 from the airport to the center city. Still best to establish the fare before you jump in!